Entrez PubMed Nucleotide Protein Genome Structure OMIM PMC Journals Books
 Search for
  Limits Preview/Index History Clipboard Details    
About Entrez
spacer gif
back to About Entrez
back to About Entrez

Text Version

Entrez PubMed
Help | FAQ

PubMed Services
Journals Database
MeSH Database
Single Citation Matcher
Batch Citation Matcher
Clinical Queries

Related Resources
Order Documents
NLM Gateway
Consumer Health
Clinical Alerts
PubMed Central

Privacy Policy


1: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2003 Spring;15(2):194-9. Related Articles, Links
Click here to read 
Antisocial violent offenders with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder demonstrate akathisia-like hyperactivity in three-channel actometry.

Tuisku K, Virkkunen M, Holi M, Lauerma H, Naukkarinen H, Rimon R, Wahlbeck K.

Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Helsinki, Finland.

Actometry enables quantitative and qualitative analysis of various hyperactivity disorders. Antisocial violent offenders have demonstrated diurnal increases in motor activity that may be related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that often precedes antisocial development. Motor restlessness in ADHD has common features with neuroleptic-induced akathisia. In this study, three-channel actometry was used to compare 15 antisocial violent offenders who had a history of ADHD with 15 healthy control subjects and 10 akathisia patients. The Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS) was used for clinical evaluation of akathisia symptoms. Ankle movement indices and the ankle-waist ratio differentiated the antisocial patients from the healthy controls significantly, with no overlap, and the same parameters expectedly differentiated the akathisia patients from the healthy controls. The repetitive, rhythmic pattern of akathisia was found in 13 of the 15 antisocial patients. Nine of the antisocial patients scored 2 or 3 (mild to moderate akathisia) on the BARS. Thus, the motor hyperactivity of antisocial ADHD patients has common features with mild akathisia. This may be due to a common hypodopaminergic etiology of ADHD and akathisia.

PMID: 12724461 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]