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1: Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1999 Apr;47(4):450-3. Related Articles, Links
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Effect of the CYP2D6*10 genotype on venlafaxine pharmacokinetics in healthy adult volunteers.

Fukuda T, Yamamoto I, Nishida Y, Zhou Q, Ohno M, Takada K, Azuma J.

Department of Pharmacokinetics, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto, Japan.

AIMS: Interindividual differences in the pharmacokinetics of venlafaxine, a new antidepressant, were shown during early clinical trials in Japan. Venlafaxine is metabolized mainly by CYP2D6 to an active metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV). Therefore, the influence of the CYP2D6 genotypes on venlafaxine pharmacokinetics was examined in a Japanese population. METHODS: Twelve adult Japanese men in good health participated in this study. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral lymphocytes, and the CYP2D6 genotypes were determined by codon 188C/T, 1934G/A, 2938G/A and 4268G/C mutations using endonuclease tests based on PCR and by Xba I-RFLP analysis. Subjects were categorized into the following 3 groups (n=4 in each group); Group1: CYP2D6*10/*10, *5/*10, Group2: CYP2D6*1/*10, *2/*10 and Group3: CYP2D6*1/*1, CYP2D6*1/*2. Venlafaxine (25 mg, n=6; 37.5 mg, n=6) was administered orally at 09.00 h following an overnight fast. Plasma concentrations of venlafaxine and ODV were monitored by h.p.l.c. for 48 h. RESULTS: The Cmax and AUC of venlafaxine were 184% and 484% higher in the group 1 subjects than in the group 3 subjects, and 101% and 203% higher in the group 1 than in the group 2, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CYP2D6*10 influences the pharmacokinetics of venlafaxine in a Japanese population.

PMID: 10233212 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]